B. Arch Bachelor of Architecture First Year B Arch Syllabus Course and Classes , 1st Year B Arch Syllabus Nagpur University

Atlanta Computer Institute Nagpur conducts Tuition Classes for B Arch First Semester , B Arch Second Year ( Part 2 ) B Arch Third Year ( Part 3 ) B Arch Fourth Year and B Arch Final Year for all universities in India . The Following syllabus is of Nagpur University. Atlanta Computer Institutes conducts Training on Autocad Revit Architecture 3d Max Sketchup Rhino Photoshop Archicad and V-Ray for B Arch Students.


B Arch First Year

First Semester B.Arch.


Basic Design & Visual Arts

Objective- Developing skills in manual presentation techniques, use of various media of presentation, Principles of 2-D & 3-D compositions, Principles of Design.
Theory of Basic Design- The study of this subject is aimed to understand the Visual & aesthetic qualities of Art and relating these to Architectural Design situation. This subject forms the direct input to Design as ‘Basic Design’ is the foundation of all Professional courses which deals directly or indirectly with Aesthetic.
Visual Art- Visual Art is aimed at providing knowledge and understanding of various visual arts and its importance. It further aims at developing the freehand drawing and rendering skills in different medium and using it as tool of expressing ideas visually.

Brief historical review of development of fine arts (visual and performing arts.) and Interdependency of visual arts, architecture, painting and sculpture
Introduction to basic elements of design–point, line, plane, form
Principles of Design and its role in expression (architectural expression)
Introduction to principles of organization/composition
Repetition, Variety, Radiation, Rhythm, Gradation, Emphasis & Subordination, Proportion, Harmony, Balance
Study of Visual Properties of 2-Dimensional forms both geometrical and non-geometrical surfaces and visual textures, optical illusion etc.
Free hand line sketching and drawing of natural and manmade. Study of shades and shadows,
Sketching of Historic or new built up structures of Architectural importance using different mediums.
Study of classification of colours with different hues, values, and shades. Colour wheel and colour composition, properties of colour.

Sessional Work- Plates, Sketches and models to understand basic design principles, elements and their expressive qualities
Creative Exercises of 2d to 3d composition
Exercise related to positive and negative spaces
Product Design.


Construction Technology & Materials – I:

Objective: To develop understanding about construction principles. The subjects should also focus on developing design abilities by applying basic principles of construction and choosing appropriate materials and techniques. Construction technology and appropriate materials for structural systems, roofing, enveloping and interior finishes shall be considered under this subject from simple examples to complex.

For first year the focus shall be on basic building materials and basic construction principles.

Unit I:
General Idea / Introduction to various elements of building from foundation to roof.
General idea about basic building materials such as stone, wood, concrete, steel etc.
Unit II:
Introduction to “Construction” as a subject and its relevance to architectural design.
1. Construction and the logic of stability as its basis.
2. Concept of load bearing: Support and Supported building elements
3. Concept of Span
Unit II:
Understanding the basic construction principles with respect to structural stability and its applications/ extensions /manifestations in terms structural systems and then building elements
Construction Principles- construction systems-building elements- building materials
Unit IV:
General conditions at site level such as site topography, climatic conditions and soil conditions and its implications on construction techniques, building materials, building elements, construction systems to be adopted.
Unit V:
Basic Structural systems such as load bearing and frame structure.
Sessional Work: Site visit reports, tutorials, notes, sketches and market surveys.


Structural Design & Systems – I

Objectives: Emphasis will be more on structural concepts vis-à-vis stability of forms rather than intricate numerical calculations. While dealing with different structural concepts, their importance shall be related to architectural requirements by giving examples from history of architecture / contemporary architecture. Wherever application is mentioned examples from architecture typologies shall be referred to.
Unit I:
Basic Structural forces : Study of types of Coplanar & non- coplanar forces.
Unit II:
Co-Planer forces – resolution and resultants – Lami’s Theorem – Application
Unit III:
Equilibrium of 2 D elements : Basic Principles, condition of equilibrium, free body diagram
Unit IV:
Equilibrium of 3 – D elements – understanding of basic principles of resolution and equilibrium of 3 D force system no mathematical calculation.
Unit V:
Types of Structural Supports and support reactions – Theoretical and practical – Study of reactions of simple support, hinge support, roller support and fixed support, study of types of beams and types of loads.
Unit VI:
Static Friction: Basic Principles: Application for elements on horizontal plane, inclined planes and ladders.
Unit VII:
Properties of plane sections
a) Centre of gravity
b) Moment of inertia (second moment of area) – section modulus, radius of gyration, polar moment of inertia.
Unit VIII: Application for
c) Perfect frames (Method of joints, Method of Sections and graphical methods.)
d) Simply supported beams – Analytical and graphical
e) Weight less cables / strings

Sessional work: Sketches, notes, tutorials, tests and presentations


History of Art & Architecture –I

Objective: Study of evolution of various styles of art and architecture as a response to climate, culture and socio-political conditions by taking examples from river valley civilizations.
The emphasis will be on the development of the understanding of fundamental design principles (visual art principles) and resulting architectural expression; appropriate to place and people.
Aim: To understand architecture as an outcome of Physical factors like geography, climatology, location, Building Materials and available Technology and also the influence of Art, Culture and Society.
Unit I:
Introduction to Art, Culture, Society, Civilization and Architecture.
Unit II:
Earlier attempts of man for shelter during the prehistoric period.
Unit III:
Indian Art and Architecture.
Unit IV:
Western Art and Architecture.
Unit V:
Elements of Art & Principles of Design studied from historic examples.
Sessional work: Sketches, notes, tutorials, tests and presentations


Architectural Graphics I

Objective: Ability to present in graphic form all elements of building design- study of shades and shadows, textures, tones, colours , geometrical form, perspectives and projections, free hand drawing and rendering in different media.
The understanding about representation of 3D objects in 2D by graphical way should first be developed from real world experiences and then technical aspects of solid geometry can be taught.

Unit -1 Free hand drawings:-
Simple exercise in object drawing, light and shade of simple, natural and geometric forms. Out door sketches of simple bldg. forms.
Unit – 2 Architectural symbols :-
Architectural representations of trees, hedges, foliage, human figure in different postures, vehicles, furniture etc. their integration to presentation drawings.
Representation of building elements, openings, materials, accessories etc. terminology and abbreviation used in architectural presentation.
Unit – 3 Scale Drawing :-
Study of scales, their use in practice and construction of Plain and Diagonal scale.
Architectural and stencil lettering in varying heights and thickness and dimensioning.
Applications of scales to enlarge or to reduce the objects in drawing.

Sessional work: Sketches, notes, tutorials, tests and presentations


Workshop Practice- I
Workshop Practice- I: (1S-A-6)

Objective:- Developing skills to understanding various tools, processes and material.

• Understanding various basic tools used for carpentry joinery and fabrication.
• Understanding workshop rules, safety norms and care in handling various manually operated and motorized tools.
• Basic understanding of wooden joints, evolution of joints, needs of joints, making simple wooden joinery parts.
• Understanding various building materials and their tools used for cutting, joining and extension. Handling materials like wood, marble, steel, MS, plywood, POP, Aluminum etc.
• Understanding nailing, screwing, riveting and their various conditions and types of applications.

Expression of forms- By handling various materials.
Sessional work: Model Making


Computer Application(NG)

Objective: Developing skills in non-graphic applications of computer as required for architectural profession and office management.
Sessional work: Assignments

Elective a presentation skills/ public speaking/ English I/ sketching and rendering

Elective b Mathematics/ statistical methods/ Numerical ability/ scale and proportion

Second Semester B Arch


Architectural Design I

Objectives: Development of space visualization
Application of materials to simple architectural forms.
Application of the knowledge gained in other subjects and basic design to design of buildings of single/ simple activity .
1) Anthropometry :
a. Study of Human dimensions, concept of percentile in Indian standards, space required for various simple activities, circulation spaces.
2) Form and Space :
a. Volumes, elements of volumes, enclosure of space, semi – enclosed spaces, defining space by elements, light as a factor of shape, Color, texture & form, view, visual relationship. Properties of forms and their impact on spatial experience.
3) Elements of built form :
a) Basic Elements: Walls, Floors, windows, doors, staircase, facade, etc.
b) Support Elements: Courtyards, balconies, canopy, patio, Sitouts, water bodies, pergola, etc.
c) Relevance of all such elements on architectural expression and spatial quality

4) Principles of Design :
a. Basic principles or spatial organization , symbiosis of form and function concept generation convergent & divergent thinking in design
5) Furniture & Facilitation :
a. Need of furniture as an aid to enhance activities, study of various furniture in isolation & combination.

6) Climate & design :

Orientation, climatic coordination and architectural elements, like chajjas,fins, fenestration etc,

Sessional work: Assignments on each head with presentation, lecture and site visits.
Design of simple single activity spaces like residence, school, canteen etc.
Small modules of short design projects based on the understanding developed about above mentioned topics.


Construction Technology & Materials –II

Unit I: Study of basic building materials, such as brick, stone, cement, lime, concrete, Glass w.r.t classification, composition and general idea about their chemical, physical properties leading to structural strength and aesthetic qualities.

Emphasis should be on developing understanding about making choice of appropriate building materials in a given situation.

Unit II: Masonry: Basic principles/rules of masonry for its load bearing capacity and stability
1.Various types of Building materials used in masonry such as stone, brick, mud blocks, concrete blocks – size, shape, strength and aesthetic quality of each of them
2. Types of Stone masonry with dressed and undressed stones, Composite masonry
3. Types of Brick masonry used in load bearing walls such as Flemish, English bonds, cavity walls and use of piers in load bearing walls
4. Types of masonry used in partition walls

Unit III: Concept of span and its application in creating openings in masonry walls with lintels and arches. Structural difference in the behavior of lintel , arch and relieving arch.

Basic terminology and types of lintels and arches and materials used for them such as stone, brick , wood, steel.

Unit IV: Principles of wooden/ timber Joinery. Types of timber and wood used in structural wood work. Basic types of joints and its applications in various building elements such as timber doors, windows and timber roofs.

Timber paneled, partly paneled and partly glazed and fully glazed doors and windows with its fixtures and fastenings.

Sessional Work: Site visit reports, tutorials, notes, sketches and market surveys.
Plates of Small modules of design based on the construction principles of masonry, joinery etc.


Structural Design & Systems- II

Unit I: Stability of Masonry Structural elements

Unit II :Simple stresses and strains : Concept and application – Definition of stress, strain, study of stresses & strains, Hook’s law. Principle of superimposition & stresses in composite sections.

Unit III :Thermal stresses and strains : Simple and composite section, concept and application.

Unit VI :Elastic Constants: definitions , Poisson’s ratio, Bulk Modulus, Modulus of elasticity, Modulus of rigidity.

Unit V: Shear Stresses: Shear stresses and its distribution in Rectangular, Circular, I & T section only. Concept and application

Unit VI :Bending stresses – circular bending: Concept and application ( study of concept of Flinched beams no mathematical calculation.)

Unit VII :Torsional stresses: Torsion of solid and hollow circular shafts of same material. Concept and application

Sessional works: Sketches, notes, tutorials, tests and presentations


History of Art & Architecture –II

Study of evolution of various styles of art and architecture as a response to climate, culture and socio-political conditions then by taking examples from Western architecture and architecture of the Indian sub continent.

Unit I: Progression of art and architecture of the River valley Civilizations.
Unit II: Study of visual art principles, scale and proportions, technological development emphasizing on architectural expression and its relevance on the society quoting examples from:
I. Greek period
II. Roman period
III. Christian architecture up to Renaissance Period.

Unit III: Role of culture and art on architecture in Indian context Study of visual art principle, monumental and human scale. Study of Impact of religious philosophy on the physical form.
I. Buddhist architecture
II. Jain architecture
III. Hindu Temple Architecture
IV. Islamic architecture

Sessional works: Sketches, notes, tutorials, tests and presentations


Architectural Graphics II

Unit – I Orthographic Projections :-
Study of reference planes, projectors, orthographic projections of object/objects in different positions and method of drawing the same.
Angular Projections :- Isometric and Axanometric projection.

Unit – II Complex Projections :-
Section planes in different angles, drawing of true section and introduction of slicing method.
Development of solids/ solids with voids and drawing the same to scale.
Interpenetration of solids, solids and voids , development of surface and section at a junction.

Unit III: Architectural Drawing
Development of Drafting skills for architectural drawings.

Sessional work :- Plates, sketches, & tests.

Workshop Practice – II (2S-A-6)
Objective:- Developing understanding of various material and efficiency in technique.

• Finishing Surfaces: Understanding various surface finishing techniques and processes received by different material like wood, steel, aluminum, stone etc.
• Paints and Polish: Surface preparation, use of sand paper, application of putty, application of base coat, middle coat and final coat, understanding oil paints, decopaints, acrylic paints etc.
• Study of various application techniques like brush, pads, scalpel, spray paints, working on highlights for painting.
• Design and executing prototype of simple objects like pen stand, projector stand, lamp shades, paper tray, CD stand, knife holder, kitchen accessories and finishing of selected material.

Evaluation shall be done on following heads:
Simplicity, honesty of material, originality, workmanship, junction, structure.
Sessional work: Model Making of identified architectural projects


Elective a - presentation skills II/ public speaking II/ English II/ sketching and rendering II/ foreign languages


Elective b - fundamentals of painting/ fundamentals of sculpture/fundamentals of drawing techniques/ fundamentals of photography

First Year B Arch

Second Year B Arch

Third Year B Arch

Fourth & Fifth Year B Arch

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